Second Messenger:

The most commonly referred to second messengers are cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP.    After ATP binds to the P2Y series of receptors on cells, it leads to changes in these second messenger molecules.   The result activates or inactivates enzymes with in a cell.   The following links demonstrate what occurs when the levels of these molecules are changed:

Additional Links:


The Therapeutic Potential of Adenosine Triphosphate as an Immune Modulator in the Treatment of HIV/AIDS: A Combination Approach w/ HAART.


ATP 1: Brochure Clinical Experience DOWNLOAD

ATP 2: Brochure DOWNLOAD

ATP 3: Lymph Nodes DOWNLOAD

ATP 4: Important Applications of ATP DOWNLOAD